Babesiosis is transmitted by the bite of various tick species. Through the bite of an infected tick, the pathogens enter the dog’s blood via the saliva of the tick.
The pathogens of babesiosis they the parasites Babesia canis and Babesia vogeli. This is a protozoan that exclusively attacks the red blood cells, multiplies and ultimately destroys them.
Incubation period: Up to three weeks.
The course of the disease can be acute or chronic. In some cases the infection is silent, while in others it manifests itself in various symptoms. The acute phase is characterized by a poor general condition of the dog, high fever (up to 42 ° C), lack of appetite, dullness, apathy, pale mucous membranes, brownish discolored urine, kidney failure and anemia. In the chronic phase, on the other hand, the dog is very weak and episodes of fever are noticeable.
The pathogen can be detected by a blood test.
For the treatment of babesiosis, the dog receives two injection of imidocarb dipropionate with an interval of two weeks to kill the parasite.